Photographs of Ephesus
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Ephesus was part of the kingdom of Pergamum which Attalus III
bequeathed to Rome in 133 BC. Ephesus was the most important Roman city
of proconsular Asia. Situated at the mouth of the Cayster River on a gulf
of the Aegean sea, it flourished as an important commercial and export
centre for Asia.
As a strategic coastal gateway to the Eastern
World, this Ionian refuge grew to be the second largest city in the Roman
Empire and the site of a Christian shrine.